Nasa rover Perseverance made a historic landing on mars.

Nasa’s rover perseverance has completed its 7-month journey to Mars and landed on the surface of Mars on 18th February 2021 at 3:55 PM EST.

Perseverance is the most advanced biology lab ever landed on another planet. After 7 month journey, it will take only 7 minutes to reach the surface of the red planet. It will land at Jezero Crater. It is a giant basin with a diameter of 45 km that once contained water.

Perseverance reached another world after its 293 million miles journey. Multi-stage spacecraft rushed into the martian atmosphere at 12,000 miles per hour. In order to land safely, the rover swiftly executed a complex series of self-guided processes. Rover landed on mars with all his six wheels placed gently upright.

Goal’s of Perseverance:

  1. It will determine life has ever existed on Mars.
  2. Focused study on the Climate of Mars.
  3. Study the geology of Mars.
  4. It will prepare for Human’s Exploration.

First image captured by Perseverance

Instruments installed in Perseverance rover.

  1. Mastcam-Z: An advanced camera system with panoramic and stereoscopic imaging capability and the ability to zoom.
  2. Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer (MEDA): MEDA contains important instruments to measure temperature, wind speed and direction, pressure, relative humidity, and dust size and shape.
  3. Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE): An exploration technology investigation to produce oxygen from Martian atmospheric carbon dioxide.
  4. Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL): An X-ray fluorescence spectrometer with a high-resolution camera to determine the fine-scale elemental composition of Martian surface materials. PIXL enables us for more detailed detection and analysis of chemical elements than ever before.
  5. Radar Imager for Mars’ Subsurface Experiment (RIMFAX): A ground-penetrating radar to provide centimeter-scale resolution of the geologic structure of the subsurface.
  6. Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman and Luminescence for Organics & Chemicals (SHERLOC): A spectrometer to provide fine-scale imaging and use an ultraviolet (UV) laser to determine fine-scale mineralogy and detect organic compounds. SHERLOC is the first UV Raman spectrometer to fly to the surface of Mars and will provide complementary measurements with other instruments in the payload.
  7. SuperCam: An instrument that can provide imaging, chemical composition analysis, and mineralogy. The instrument can detect the presence of organic compounds in rocks and regolith from a distance. This instrument also has a significant contribution from the Center National d’Etudes Spatiales, Research Institute in Astrophysics and Planetology (CNES / IRAP) France.

2 thoughts on “Nasa rover Perseverance made a historic landing on mars.”

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